. GARNET .
Found in many parts of the world, the garnet group of minerals share similar physical properties and crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition. The main garnet species include almandine, grossular, uvarovite, pyrope, andradite, and spessartine. The name “garnet” comes from the 14th-century Middle English word “gernet,” which means “dark red,” an allusion to the rich red hue of the gemstone. “Gernet” is derived from the Latin word “granatum,” meaning “grain” and “seed,” a possible reference to “pomegranate” due to the similarities between the color of the stone and that of the fruit’s dark red seeds.
Garnet comes in a rainbow of colors including red, yellow, orange, blue, black, pink, green, and brown, with reddish hues most common.